D Major: Tonic, Subdominant and Dominant

Course: Introduction to the Cuatro Basics



It is crucial to play chords with a specific sequence with which they sound good. We will be examining these progressions of chords so that you will be able to improvise and make sure that the chords you play are in sequence resulting in a great sound. By knowing the tonic, subdominant, and dominant chords and follow a progression you can do just that. First, a brief explanation of the tonic, subdominant and dominant chords before we can apply these to D Major.

There are specific ways to which we refer to particular notes on a scale. This is known as scale degrees. Each scale degree provides a position of the specific note in relation to the main note of the scale otherwise known as the tonic. The tonic as the main note, can be considered as the first note or I. Here is a brief list of the notes and scale degrees corresponding to them:

  • Tonic (I)
  • Supertonic (II)
  • Mediant (III)
  • Subdominant (IV)
  • Dominant (V)
  • Submediant (VI)
  • Subtonic (VII)

We will be making use of the roman numerals when referring to progressions. The progression of chords that will be played in this lesson is I, IV u0026amp; V (being the Tonic, Subdominant, and Dominant). For D, this progression is as follows:

D (I)

G (IV)

A7 (V)

D G A7

Have a look at how these are played in following the I, IV and V sequence on the Cuatro, this sequence is played using a simple rhythm whereby one measure is played for D and G, and for A7 2 measures are played.

Note: A measure is following a series of strums corresponding to the rhythm being played. In this case, each measure has six strums

I, IV and V Progression of D Major

Make sure you learn to play these chords and the sequence they find themselves following the I, IV and V progression. This will become vital when learning how to play songs. Simply by knowing the progression.

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